The Congestion Management Process (CMP) is the analysis and application of strategies intended to improve transportation system performance by identifying areas of congestion and projects that contribute to reducing its impacts on the movement of people and goods. A CMP is a systematic and regionally accepted approach for identifying and assessing alternative strategies for congestion management that meet state and local needs.
A CMP is federally required in metropolitan areas with a population exceeding 200,000, known as Transportation Management Areas (TMAs). The Louisville/Jefferson County KY-IN Metropolitan Planning Area (MPA) qualifies as a TMA. Federal requirements also state that, in all TMAs, the CMP shall be developed and implemented as an integrated part of the metropolitan transportation planning process. In TMAs designated as ozone or carbon monoxide nonattainment areas, the CMP takes on a greater significance.
As part of the CMP, congestion management strategies are identified, assessed, programmed, implemented, and evaluated for effectiveness. The process through which this is accomplished consists of the activities listed below. Inherent in this process is the ability to update the CMP in conjunction with other elements of the overall metropolitan transportation planning process.
- Establishing regional objectives
- Defining the CMP Network
- Establishing performance measures
- Identifying sources and methodology for data collection
- Identifying congestion
- Developing congestion mitigation strategies
- Reviewing strategy effectiveness
The CMP was first implemented in 1999, updated in 2006 and amended in 2011. The current CMP was developed and approved by KIPDA’s Transportation Policy Committee (TPC) in July 2018.